Stephen Neil MacFarlane

Keywords : human security International Organizations and Security The Soviet Union/CIS in International Relations

Country : United Kingdom

Organization : University of Oxford

Department : St Anne's College

Biography :

 CURRICULUM VITAE STEPHEN NEIL MacFARLANE Personal Address: St. Anne’s College Oxford OX2 6HS 44-1865-274891(office phone) 44-1865-274899(fax) Date of Birth: 7 March, 1954. Citizenship: Canadian. Education Undergraduate: AB, summa cum laude, Dartmouth College (1972-6). Postgraduate: MA (politics and economics), Oxon. (1976-78). M.Phil. (international relations), Oxon. (1978-80). D.Phil. (international relations), Oxon. (1982). Awards Phi Beta Kappa, Dartmouth College (1975). Rhodes Scholar, Quebec and Balliol (1976). Canada Council Doctoral Fellowship (1979-81). Quebec Ministry of Education Doctoral Bursary (1979-81). Olin Fellowship, Center for International Affairs, Harvard University (1982-3). Visiting Research Fellowship, National Defense University, Washington, D.C. (April and June 1983). Visiting Scholarship, Kennan Institute, Smithsonian Institution, (December 1984-January 1985). Visiting Scholarship, Berkeley Stanford Program in Soviet International Behavior (1986-7). Sesquicentennial Research Associateship, Center for Advanced Study, The University of Virginia (1990-1). Sabbatical Research Fellowship, The National Council for Soviet and East European Research (1990-1). Teaching Excellence Award, Queen's University Student Council (1991-92). Employment Research Associate, International Institute for Strategic Studies, London, United Kingdom (September 1981- September 1982). Postdoctoral Fellow, Center for International Affairs, Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts (September 1982-June 1983). Research Associate, Institute for International Relations, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada (July 1983- July 1984). Assistant Professor of Government and Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia (September 1984-September 1987). Research Associate, Center for Slavic and East European Studies, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley, California (September 1986-June 1987). Associate Professor of Government and Foreign Affairs, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia (September 1987-June 1991). Professor of Politics, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario (July 1991-March 1996). Lester B. Pearson Professor of International Relations, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK (March 1996-). Adjunct Professor of Political Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS (July 1996-). Teaching Experience Soviet and Post-Soviet Comparative Politics (undergraduate). Soviet Foreign Policy (graduate and undergraduate). Soviet National Security Policy (graduate). American Foreign Policy (undergraduate and graduate). Force in World Politics (graduate and undergraduate). International History (post-1900) (graduate). International Relations Theory (undergraduate and graduate). Comparative Politics of Ethnic Conflict (graduate). Ethnic Conflict and International Relations (graduate). The Politics of the United Nations (graduate). International Relations of the Newly Independent States (graduate). International Politics (Foreign Service Programme - Oxford). Administrative Experience Graduate Coordinator, 1987-89, University of Virginia. Director, Center for Russian and East European Studies, 1989-91, University of Virginia. Coordinator, Post-Soviet Studies Program, 1992-97, Centre for International Relations, Queen's University. Graduate Admissions Coordinator, Department of Political Studies, Queen's University, 1993-4. Chair, Skelton Clark Committee for Visiting Scholars, Department of Political Studies, 1993-6. Director, Center for International Relations, Queen's University, 1995-96. Director, Centre for International Studies, University of Oxford, 1997-. Member of the Board of the Faculty of Social Studies, University of Oxford, 1997-. Member, Board of Examiners for the M.Phil. in International Relations, University of Oxford, 1998-2000 (chair 1999). Co-ordinator, M.Phil. Admissions (International Relations), 1999. Publications Book Reviews in The American Political Science Review, Political Science Quarterly, International Affairs, Third World Quarterly, New Society, The Canadian Journal of Political Science, Canadian-American Slavic Studies, The Russian Review, Survival, Middle East Focus, and The International Journal. Journal of Islamic Studies Books and Monographs Soviet Intervention in Third World Conflict (Geneva: Graduate Institute of International Affairs, 1983). Intervention and Regional Security, Adelphi Paper #196 (London: International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1985). Superpower Rivalry and Third World Radicalism: The Idea of National Liberation (London: Croom Helm and Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1985). Superpower Rivalry and Soviet Policy in the Caribbean Basin, Occasional Paper #1 (Ottawa: Canadian Institute for International Peace and Security, 1986). Third World Conflict and the Arms Control Process: The Soviet View of Linkage (Ottawa: Canadian Center for Arms Control and Disarmament, 1987). Gorbachev's Third World Dilemmas (edited with Kurt Campbell) (London: Routledge, 1989). Author of two chapters. The "Soviet Threat" Revisited, (editor and contributor), (Kingston: Queen's University Centre for International Relations, 1992). NATO's Eastern Dilemmas (edited with David Haglund and Joel Sokolsky) (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1994). Author of one chapter. Change in the Former Soviet Natural Resource Sector: Implications for Canadian Competitiveness (coauthored with David Haglund) (Kingston: Centre for Resource Studies, 1994). Regional Security in Central Asia, Martello Papers #12 (editor and coauthor) (Kingston: Centre for International Relations, 1995.) Armed Conflict in Georgia: A Case Study in Humanitarian Action and Peacekeeping (with Larry Minear and Stephen Shenfield) (Providence, RI: Watson Institute, Brown University, 1996). Tous pour un ou chacun pour soi: Promesses et limites de la coopération en matière de sécurité (co-edited and co-authored) (Québec: Institut québecois des hautes études internationales, 1996). Peacekeeping at a Crossroads (edited)(Cornwallis, NS: Canadian Peacekeeping Press, 1997). Multilateralism and Regional Security (co-authored and co-edited)(Cornwallis, NS: Canadian Peacekeeping Press, 1997). Coming together or Falling Apart: The International Relations of the Former Soviet Union (co-authored and edited)(Kingston: ON, Queen’s Centre for International Relations, 1997). Politics and Humanitarian Action: The Case of Nagorno-Karabakh (co-authored) (Providence, RI: The Watson Institute, 1997). The OSCE in the CIS (co-authored and edited)(Kingston, ON: Queen’s Centre for International Relations, 1997). Western Engagement in the Caucasus and Central Asia, (London: Royal Institute of International Affairs and Washington, DC: The Brookings Institutions, 1999). The Global Economics of Defence Production: How Much of What? (co-edited and co-authored) (Kingston, ON: Queen’s University School of Policy Studies, 1999). Politics and Humanitarian Action (Providence RI: Watson Institute, 2000). Humanitarian Action and Conflict (Providence RI: Watson Institute, forthcoming 2000). Regionalism and Human Security in Africa (co-author, coeditor with Albrecht Schnabel and Tim Shaw), forthcoming 2001. The United States and Multilateral Organizations (coeditor with Rosemary Foot and Michael Mastanduno), forthcoming 2001. International Relations Theory and South African Foreign Policy since 1990 (co-author, coeditor with Jens Meierhenrich), forthcoming 2001. Journal Articles "Intervention and Security in Africa", International Affairs LX, #1 (Winter 1983-4). "Africa's Decaying Security System and the Rise of Intervention", International Security VIII, #4 (Spring 1984). "The Soviet Conception of Regional Security", World Politics XXXVII #3 (Spring 1985). "Soviet Policy in the Third World under Gorbachev" (with Robert Litwak), Survival (January/February 1987). "Gorbachev and the Third World: Continuity and Change", The Harriman Institute Forum III, #4 (March 1988). Reprinted in Paul Lerner, ed., The Soviet Union 1988 (New York: Crane Russak, 1989). "The Soviet Union and Southern African Security", Problems of Communism XXXVIII, #2-3 (March-June 1989). "The Changing Soviet Approach to Regional Conflicts" (with Philip Nel), The Journal of Communist Studies V, #2 (Spring 1989). "Superpower Rivalry in the 1990s", The Third World Quarterly XII, #1 (January 1990). "L'URSS et les Régimes Marxistes-Leninistes au Tiers Monde", Choix XXI, #4 (1990). "Change in Soviet Strategy and Its Implications for Canadian Security", The International Journal (winter 1991). "The Sources of Ethnic Conflict in Georgia", Mind and Human Interaction (Summer, 1991). "Regional Organizations and Regional Security", Security Studies II, #1 (autumn 1992)(with Tom Weiss). "Crisis and Opportunity in the Republic of Georgia", Canadian Foreign Policy, #1 (Winter 1992-3). "Russia, The West, and European Security", Survival XXXV, #3 (Autumn 1993). "The United Nations, Regional Organizations, and Human Security: Building Theory in Central America", Third World Quarterly XV, #2, 1994 (with Tom Weiss). "Russian Conceptions of Europe", Post-Soviet Affairs X, #3 (July-September 1994). "Forgotten Wars and Treaties: Georgia", Compass XII, #8 (December 1994). "Russia's Approach to Peacekeeping", International Journal L (Spring 1995) (with Albrecht Schnabel). "The Structure of Instability in the Caucasus", Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft, #4 (October 1995). "Russia and the G7", Canadian Foreign Policy III, #1 (Spring 1995). "The Regional Security of Central Asia: The Role of Russia", Strategic Studies (Islamabad) XVII, #3-4 (SpringSummer 1995). "La Russie et la Securité de l'Allemagne dans la Nouvelle Europe", Revue d'Allemagne XXVVII, #3 (Juilletseptembre, 1995). "La Communauté des Etats Indépendants et la Securité Régionale", Etudes Internationales XXVI, #4 (December 1995). Reprinted in MacFarlane, Tous pour un ou chacun pour soi. “On the Front Lines in the ‘Near Abroad’: The OSCE and the CIS in Georgia’s Civil Wars,” Third World Quarterly XVIII, No.3 (1997). “Democratisation and Regional Security in the Southern Caucasus,” Government and Opposition XXXII, No.3(summer 1997). “Amerikanische Politik in Zentralasien und im Transkaukasus,” Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte (16 October, 1998), B43-44/98. “The Regionalization of European Foreign and Security Policies,” The International Journal LIV, No.1 (Winter 1998/9). “The Role of the UN in Conflict Management in Georgia,” Accord (forthcoming, autumn 1999). “Humanitarian Action and Conflict,” International Journal (winter 1999-2000). “Political Interest and Humanitarian Action,” (with Thomas G. Weiss), Security Studies (summer 2000). “What the International Community Can Do to Settle the [Chechen] Conflict,” Central Asia and the Caucasus, No. 4 (2000). Book Chapters "The Soviet View of the Utility of Force in the Third World", in Paul Marantz and Blema Steinberg, eds., Superpower Involvement in the Middle East (Boulder, Colorado: Westview, 1985). "The Middle East in Soviet Strategy", in Aurel Braun, ed., The Middle East in Global Strategy (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1987). "The Soviet Union and Conflict Management in the Middle East", in Gabriel Ben-Dor and David Dewitt, eds., Conflict Management in the Middle East (Lexington, MA: Lexington Books, 1987). "The Soviet Union", in Samuel Welles and Robert Litwak, eds., Dimensions of Regional Security (Cambridge, MA: Ballinger, 1987) "Superpower Collaboration in Conflict Control", in Peter Shearman and Phil Williams, eds., The Superpowers, Central America, and the Middle East (London: Brassey's, 1988). "The Soviet Union and the National Liberation Movements", in Carol Saivetz, ed., The Soviet Union in the Third World (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1989). "Looking beyond NATO: Soviet New Thinking and the Atlantic Alliance", in Michael Hawes and Joel Sokolsky, eds., North American Perspectives on European Security (Queenston, Ont: The Edwin Mellon Press, 1990). "The End of the Cold War: The View from the South", in Thomas Weiss, ed., Superpower Relations and the Third World after the Cold War (Boulder, CO: Lynne Reiner, 1991). "Sokolovskii", in John Baylis, and John Garnet, eds., Makers of Nuclear Strategy (London: Pinter, 1991). "Superpower Conflict and Cooperation in Southern Africa", in George Breslauer, Harry Kreisler, and Benjamin Ward, eds., Beyond the Cold War: Conflict and Cooperation in the Third World (Berkeley, CA: Institute for International Studies, 1991). "The Evolution of Soviet Perspectives on African Politics, 1975-1991", and "Soviet-Angolan Relations, 1975-91",in George Breslauer, ed., Soviet Policy in Africa (Berkeley, CA: Institute for International Studies, 1992). "Moscow's "New Thinking" on Third World Liberationism", in Joan Barth Urban, ed., Moscow and the Global Left in the Gorbachev Era (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992). "The Superpowers and Third World Security", in Brian Job, ed., The Insecurity Dilemma: National Security of Third World States (Boulder, CO: Lynne Reiner, 1992). "Russia and European Security", in Hans-Georg Ehrhart,, eds., The Former Soviet Union and European Security: Between Integration and Renationalization (Baden Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1993). "The Collapse of the USSR and World Security", in David Dewitt,, Building a New World Order: Emerging Trends in International Security (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1993). "Redefining NATO" (with Joel Sokolsky), in David Haglund,, NATO's Eastern Dilemmas (Boulder, CO: Westview, 1994). "Rossia i Evropeiskaya Bezopasnost'", in Anna Kreikemeyer and Andrei Zagorsky, eds. Strany Byvshego SSSR i Evropeiskaya Bezopasnost' (Moscow: Mezhdunarodnye Otnoshenia, 1994). "Russian Approaches to Peacekeeping" (with Albrecht Schnabel), in Hans-Georg Ehrhart and David Haglund, eds., The New Peacekeeping and European Security: German and Canadian Interests and Issues (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag, 1995). “The De-Peripheralization of Russia”, in David Haglund, ed., The Centre-Periphery Debate in International Security (Cornwallis Park: Centre for International Relations, in conjunction with the Lester B. Pearson International Peacekeeping Training Centre, 1996). “On the Front Lines in the Near Abroad: The CIS and the OSCE in Georgia’s Civil War,” in Thomas Weiss, ed., Beyond UN Subcontracting: Task-Sharing with Regional Security Arrangements and Service-Providing NGOs (London: Macmillan, 1998). “The CIS and Regional Security”, in Multilateralism and Regional Security (see above). “The CIS and European Security”, in The OSCE and the CIS (see above). “Energy Politics in the Caucasus and European Security,” in Oliver Thränert, ed., European Conflicts and International Institutions: Cooperating with Ukraine (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1998). “Non-Governmental Organizations as Conflict Prevention Actors in Georgia,” in Gianni Bonvincini, Ettore Greco, Bernard von Plate, and Reinhardt Rummel, eds., Preventing Violent Conflict (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1998). “Conflict and Conflict Resolution in Georgia,” in Hans-Georg Ehrhart and Albrecht Schnabel, eds., The Southeast European Challenge: Ethnic Conflict and the International Response (Baden-Baden: Nomosverlag, 1999). “War, Politics, and Humanitarian Assistance,” in Tom Trier and Lars Funch Hansen, eds., Conflict and Forced Displacement in the Caucasus (Copenhagen: Danish Refugee Council, 1999). "Taking Stock:: The Third World and the End of the Cold War,” in Louise Fawcett and Yezid Sayigh, eds., The Third World and the End of the Cold War (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999). “Realism and Russian Strategy after the Collapse of the USSR,” in Ethan Kapstein and Michael Mastanduno, eds., Unipolar Politics: Realism and State Strategies after the Cold War, (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999). “Petroleum and Politics in the Caucasus: New Wine in Old Bottles?” (with Claude Zullo), in Reinhardt Rummel and Claude Zullo, eds., Rethinking European Union Relations with the Caucasus (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1999). “A Role for the EU in Preventing Ethnic Conflict,” in ibid. “External Factors Affecting Sub-regional Co-operation in the Southern Tier,” in Renata Dwan, ed., Building Security in Europe’s New Borderlands Subregional Co-operation in Southeastern Europe and the Newly Independent States (New York: East West Institute, 1999). “New Military Missions for NATO: Peacekeeping Partnership in the CIS,” in IRIS, Quatrième Conférence Stratégique Anneulle de l’IRIS: L’Avenir de l’OTAN (Paris: IRIS, 1999). “The Internationalisation of Ethnic Strife,” in Alex Pravda and Jan Zielonka, eds., Democratisation in Europe (tentative title - forthcoming 2000). “The Revolution in Military Affairs,” in S. N. MacFarlane and David Haglund, eds., The Global Economics of Defence Production (Kingston, Ontario: Queen’s University School of Policy Studies, 1999). “From St. Malo to Kosovo: The Evolution of the Anglo-French-German Triangle and Its Implications for FrancoAmerican Relations,” in David G. Haglund, ed., The France-US Leadership Race: Closely Watched Allies (Kingston, ON: Queen’s Quarterly, 2000). Miscellaneous "Moscow and Theatre Nuclear Weapons: Lessons for Geneva", Issue Brief #2 (Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Arms Control and Disarmament, 1985). "The United Nations, Regional Organizations, and Human Security" (with Thomas G. Weiss), in Donald Puchala,, Regional Responsibilities and the United Nations System, ACUNS Reports and Papers, #1994-2. Sovereignty and Stability: The Domestic and Regional Security Implications of Québec Separation (seminar proceedings)(Hanover, NH: Dartmouth College,1997). “Non-governmental Organisations and Conflict Prevention: The Case of Georgia”, SWP-IP 3001 (Ebenhausen: Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, 1997). “Québec and Canada: Dilemmas of Sovereignty,” Oxford International Review (spring 1997). “Keeping Peace or Preserving Conflicts?” War Report, No.52 (June-July 1997). “The Three Asias: Are They a Region?” Swords and Ploughshares X (1996-7). “Concluding Remarks,” in Olav Knudsen, ed. Regionalism and Regional Cooperation (Oslo: NUPI, 1998). Peace Support Operations and Humanitarian Action: A Conference Report (Halifax: Dalhousie University Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, 1998). “The Role of the UN,” in A Question of Sovereignty: The Georgia-Abkhazia Peace Process, Accord No.7 (1999). Presentations since 1991 "Russia, Africa, and the End of the Cold War", Institute for Political and International Studies, Tehran, Iran, March 1992. "The Foundations of Russian Foreign Policy", National Defence College, Kingston, Ontario, April, 1992. "The Post-Soviet Natural Resources Industry and Canadian Mineral Competitiveness", Centre for Resource Studies, September 1992. "The Causes of Conflict", National Defence College, Kingston, Ontario, December 1992 (repeated September 1993). "The Evolution of Russian Foreign Policy", Queen's University, January 1993. "Political Risk in Former Soviet Central Asia", Dundee Bancorp, March 1993. "The Political Environment for Foreign Business in Russia", Queen's University School of Business Executive Seminar, March 1993. "The International Relations of the Caucasus", UQAM, April 1993. "Explaining Ethnic Conflict", Centre for the Study of Conflict, Tbilisi, Republic of Georgia, March 1993. "Regional Organizations and Regional Security", Academic Council of the United Nations System UN Seminar Series, New York, April 1993. "Politics and the Russian Natural Resources Sector", Ministry of External Affairs, Ottawa, Canada, May 1993. "Ethnocentrism and the Politics of Coalitions", International Republican Institute Conference on the Politics of Inclusion, Almaty, Kazakhstan, June 1993. "The Relationship between Security and Development in the Republic of Georgia", Roundtable on Security and Development, Annual Meeting of the Academic Council of the United Nations System, Montreal, June 1993. "The Domestic Politics of Russia", NATO Defence College, Rome, Italy, September 1993. "Russian Foreign Policy Formulation", IREX and the Kennan Institute, Washington, DC, October 1993. "Leadership in American Foreign Policy", Queen's University International Affairs Association, Kingston, Ontario, November 1993. "System Formation in the Former Soviet Union", War Studies Program, Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario, November 1993. "The UN, Regional Organizations, and Human Security", Global Governance Workshop, Academic Council of the United Nations System, San Jose, Costa Rica, January 1994. "Export Opportunity in Eastern Europe and the non-Russian Former Soviet Republics", Queen's School of Business Executive Seminar, March 1994. "The Foreign Policy of CIS States", The National Defence College, Kingston, Ontario, March 1994. "Current Trends in the Canada-US Political Relations", Heads of Mission Meeting, US Bureau, Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Ottawa, April 1994. "The De-peripheralization of Russia", QCIR Annual Conference, Kingston, Ontario, May 1994. "Russian Approaches to Peacekeeping", German-Canadian Conference on Peacekeeping, Hamburg, Germany, May 1994. "Ethnic Conflict and European Security", QCIR Conference on Ethnic Conflict and European Security, Kingston, Ontario, September 1994. "Ethnic Conflict in Georgia" (with George Khutsishvili), QCIR Conference on Ethnic Conflict and International Security, Kingston, Ontario, September 1994. "Ethnic Conflict: The Case of Russia" (with Stephen Page), QCIR Conference on Ethnic Conflict and European Security, Kingston, Ontario, September 1994. "The Dog That Didn't Bark: The 'Velvet Divorce' of the Czech and Slovak Republics", QCIR Conference on Ethnic Conflict and European Security, Kingston, Ontario, September 1994. "La Politique Etrangère de la République de Géorgie", Université du Québec à Montréal, December 1994. "Ethnic Conflict and European Security: Ongoing Research", McGill University, December 1994. "The Russian Factor in Central Asian Security", Islamabad Institute for Strategic Studies, February 1995. "Russia and Ukrainian Strategic Interests", Fort Frontenac, September 1995. "International Involvement in Post-Soviet Civil Conflict: The Case of Georgia", Pearson Institute, Dalhousie University, November 1995. "International Realism and Russian Foreign Policy", Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University, November 1995. "Russian Policy in the Former Soviet Region", Canadian Institute of International Affairs Annual Conference, Toronto, December 1995. “Regionalism and the CIS”, Centre for International Relations, Queen’s University, May 1996. “Subcontracting Regional Security Responsibilities: The CIS and the OSCE in Georgia”, Academic Council on the UN System, Halifax, Nova Scotia, May 1996. “Humanitarian Action in Georgia”, International Centre for Conflict and Negotiation, Tbilisi, Georgia, May 1996. “The CIS and European Security”, Tabakhmela, Georgia, July 1996. “The Politicisation of Humanitarian Action: The Case of Nagorno-Karabakh”, Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, August 1996. “Democratisation, State Formation, and Regional Security in the Transcaucasus”, University of Oxford, November 1996. “NGOs and Conflict Prevention in Georgia,” Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Ebenhausen, November 1996. “Conflict Resolution in Georgia,” Caucasus and Central Asia Society,” University of Oxford, November 1996. “Is There a Right to Humanitarian Intervention?” Oxford University Civil Liberties Society, December 1996. “On the Front Lines in the Near Abroad: Burden-sharing in Peacekeeping in Georgia,” Academic Council for the United Nations System, Providence, Rhode Island, December 1996. “Regions and Regionalism in the Former Soviet Union,” University of Aberdeen, January 1997. “The United Nations and the OSCE in the Caucasus,” VERTIC, London, January 1997. “Summation,” Japan-Europe Workshop on Regionalism and Regional Co-operation, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Oslo, February, 1997. “Canada and Quebec: Dilemmas of Sovereignty,” Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, February 1997. “The United Nations in Contemporary World Politics: The Pursuit of the Possible,” Lester B. Pearson Professorship Inaugural Lecture, Oxford, March 1997. “The Military and Humanitarian Action,” York University, April 1997. “Canada and Quebec: Dilemmas of Sovereignty,” Bonn University, Bonn, June 1997. “The Politics of Energy in the Caucasus: Implications for European Security,” Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Kyiv, Ukraine, June 1997. “Political Interest and Humanitarian Action,” Dalhousie University, August 1997. “Conflict Prevention and Energy Development in the Caucasus,” Crisis Prevention Network of the European Commission, Brussels, October 1997. “Québec and Canada: Dilemmas of Sovereignty,” World Affairs Forum, Keele University, October 1997. “The UN System of Conflict Prevention,” Istituto Affari Internazionale, Rome, October 1997. “Regions and Regionalisation,” London School of Economics, October 1997. “The Internationalisation of Ethnic Strife,” European University Institute, Florence, November 1997. “Regionalism in the CIS,” The University of Reading, March 1998. “Human Rights and Humanitarian Intervention,” Coventry University, April 1998. “Internationalism, Withdrawal and Europe’s Role in World Affairs,” Canadian Committee for the IISS, Toronto, April 1998. “The U.S. and Caspian Sea Energy,” Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Seminar in Almaty, June 1998. “Peace Support Operations: Lessons from Bosnia and Haiti,” University of South Carolina and the United States Army Association, Columbia, SC, August 1998. “The U.N. in Abkhazia,” NATO Symposium on Caspian Energy and European Security, Brussels, September 1998. “War, Politics, and Humanitarian Action,” (keynote address) Danish Refugee Council Conference on Humanitarian Action in the Caucasus, Copenhagen, September 1998. “International Organizations and the Transition from War to Peace in the CIS,” Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London, September 1998. “Conflict and Humanitarian Action: The Cases of Abkhazia and Nagorno Karabakh,” Office of the Co-ordinator of Humanitarian Assistance (OCHA), Tbilisi, October 1998. “The Revolution in Military Affairs,” Canada-UK Colloquium, Dalhousie University (November 1998). “Western Engagement in the Southern Caucasus and Central Asia,” Royal Institute of International Affairs, London (December 1998), Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Ebenhauses (July 1999), and Canadian Institute for International Affairs, Halifax, August 1999. “NATO and Russia,” Coventry University (February 1999). “New Military Missions for NATO: Enhanced PfP in the CIS Region,” Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques, Paris, May 1999. “Relations between Regional Organizations and the United Nations in CIS Peacekeeping,” Hudson Institute, Oxford, June 1999. “UNOMIG and CISPKF in Georgia: Problems for Task-sharing in Peace Support Operations,” Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin, June 1999. “Russian-CIS Pecaekeeping and International Organisation,” Hudson Institute, Oxford, June 1999. “Western Engagement in the Caucasus and Central Asia,” Stiftung Wissenschaft un Politik, Ebenhausen, July 1999, and Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Dalhousie University, Halifax, August 1999. “The State and Human Security in Africa,” Centre for Foreign Policy Studies, Halifax, August 1999. “The Clash of Civilizations: A Critical Perspective,” Office of the President, Tbilisi, September 1999. “Challenges to European Security,” Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, September 1999. “Energy and Security in the Caspian Region,” NATO Economics Colloquium, Brussels, October 1999. “NGOs and Forced Migration,” Refugee Studies Programme, Oxford, November 1999. “The Evolution of the Anglo-Franco-German Triangle and Its Implications for Franco-American Relations,” Queen’s Centre for International Relations, Herstmonceux, November 1999. “How Can the International Community Contribute to Peace and Stability in and around Chechnya?” Swedish Institute for International Affairs, April 2000. “Russian Policy in the CIS under Putin,” Curiel Centre, Tel Aviv, April 2000. “Canadian Perspectives on European Security and Defence Policy,” Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik, Berlin, May 2000. “International Politics and Local Conflict: Patterns of Intervention,” CERI, Paris, May 2000. “Canada and the “European Pillar” of Defence,” Queen’s Centre for International Relations, June 2000. “Strategic Implications of Terrorism and Transnational Crime,” Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Geneva, May 2000. “NATO-EU Enlargement and Beyond,” Geneva Centre for Security Policy, Geneva, August 2000. “NATO in Russia’s Relations with the West,” US Mission to NATO, Brussels, September 2000. Memberships The International Institute for Strategic Studies. Academic Council of the United Nations System. Other Professional Activities Manuscript review for Central European University Press, Johns Hopkins University Press, Princeton University Press, Cambridge University Press, Unwin Hyman, St. Martins Press, Westview Press, Oxford University Press, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Rowman and Littlefield, Curzon Press, US Institute of Peace, Survival, American Journal of Political Science, International Security, International Journal of Canadian Studies, International Organization, International Peacekeeping, Global Governance, Security Dialogue,. Consultant on African security to International Pugwash Conferences, 1985-9. US Coordinator of Soviet-American Exchange of Younger Scholars in International Relations Theory and International Security (a joint project of the American Council of Learned Societies-IREX and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR), 1987-92. Consultant to the Bureau of Intelligence and Research, US Department of State, 1989. Tenure review: The University of Vermont, 1989; Carleton University, 1993, Dartmouth College, 1996-7. Review for Promotion: George Mason University, 1997; The University of British Columbia, 1999. External review of fellowship proposals for the Wilson Center International Security Studies Program, 1989-95, Canada Council 1999. Testimony to the Special Committee on the Peace Process in Central America, House of Commons, Ottawa, Canada, 1988. Testimony to the Standing Committee on External Affairs and Trade, House of Commons, Ottawa, Canada, November 1989. Testimony to the Standing Committee on External Affairs and Trade, House of Commons, Ottawa, Canada, February, 1992. Fellowship Selection Committee, IREX, 1991-94. Chairperson (1992-94). This Committee judges all American applications for IREX doctoral fellowships to conduct fieldwork in the former USSR. Visiting Scholar Fellowship Committee, Social Science Research Council (USA), 1993-. Member, International Advisory Council, The Russian Science Foundation, 1992-. International Associate, Centre for the Study of Mind and Human Interaction, 1993-. Coordinator, Canadian-Georgian Seminar on Federalism and Ethnic Conflict, 1992-3. Consultant, International Republican Institute, 1993. Consultant, Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade of Canada, 1992-5. Participant, National Foreign Policy Review Conference, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ottawa, Canada (March 1994). External Ph.D. Examiner, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario (March 1994), UQAM (January 1996), Dalhousie (August 1999). External MA examiner , Dalhousie University (1999). Coordinator, Georgia case study, Humanitarianism and War Project, Watson Institute, Brown University (1994-5). Coordinator, Nagorno-Karabakh case study, Humanitarianism and War Project, Brown University (1995-6). Coordinator, Conflict Prevention Network (EU) Study on Conflict Prevention in the Caucasus, Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik and the European Commission, 1997. Consultant to CPN, 1998-. Coordinator, Humanitarian Politics Cluster, Humanitarianism and War Project, Brown University (1997-). Member of Steering Committee, European University Institute Project on Implications of EU Enlargement (1998- 9). Consultant to UNDP (Tbilisi). Led a project assessing the Georgian state budget in ascertain state capacity to participate in transitional and developmental programming. (1998) Consultant to UNDP (Baku). Assisted in a project assessing the capacity of the Government of Azerbaijan to contribute to long term solutions to the problem of internally displaced persons (1999). Testimony to the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade on Central Asia and the Caucasus (May 2000) Co-editor, Global Governance (2000-). Current Research Interests The Evolution of the Post-Soviet International System. Domestic Politics, Civil and Regional Conflict in the Caucasus. Intervention and International Security. Human Security. UN and other International Organisational Responses to Problems of Conflict and Political and Economic Transition.